I believe it took a year to settle on this definition of science because science is an extremely broad and vast subject. Science has many separate areas such as, biology, physics and chemistry. The hundreds of years dedicated to finding evidence and proof that particles and molecules and gravity exist and affect out day-to-day lives have changed the way we look at the world and have completely increased our intelligence so much. Science can be defined by several different points of views and from thousands of different angles, as it is completely vast and unique, however it always comes down to one thing; evidence. The article implies that science is a way of knowing, as it states, “Science is the pursuit of knowing (…) following a systematic methodology based on evidence”, suggesting that there are other ways of pursuing knowledge that don’t require a systematic methodology based on evidence. Language is essential in science because science is the process of finding evidence and facts to prove occurrences in nature and our bodies that could save us from disease or justify natural disasters and whatnot. Hence, language is needed to communicate – to show and explain appropriate proof and what such evidence means to the world.
It took an year to settle on the definition chosen because the term science is so common now-a-days that it is in fact really hard to point out what specifically is science. As it was stated in the article that definition should be precise enough to be able to limit what science is but also broad enough to grasp all aspects of science. The definition of the term was not simply defining a word, but a term with a great impact on the world today and on various things that is being studied. The definition also had the purpose to maintain clear in a world with so many researches and creations what is in fact to the eyes of scientists 'science'. The article implies that science is a way of knowing because it leads the way what we are learning. It is not something you learn about, but something one uses to gather more knowledge about any subject at hand. Although it may be argued both ways, I agree that science is the vehicle that many people use to be able to learn new things from and not solely a subject that must be learned upon. Science is the way to learn new things. And lastly it is very important to point out that language is a very important tool in science because the results and knowledge learned from it must be accurately expressed to be able to transmit to all, exactly what has been learned. Science leads humanity to so many answers that it is essential to know the proper use of language to express what is being learned in a way to avoid any possibility of a misunderstanding or different interpretation of the topic and the results made with a certain experiment.
1) Why do you think it took a year to settle on this definition? 2) Does the article imply that science is a way of knowing, or an area of knowing? 3) Why is language so important in science?
I am not really sure why it took so long for them to decide the definition. An important question is do they have the authority to define science themselves? With so many different ways of doing things and innovations we have never seen before appearing before us it seems appropriate that the science community would want to specify their field. One of the scientists involved stated that “"In an era where practices such as homeopathy are becoming widespread, and 'detox' is an acceptable aim for a diet, a definition creates a clear distinction between what is genuine science, and what is pseudoscience." It obviously seems that the scientists are worried about public perception since things like homeopathy and detox are advertised as scientifically proven methods. Though the questions do not ask, I disagree with the scientists on narrowing the definition of science. Science is no longer an area of knowledge due to this change. It has now become a way of knowing since the word “pursuit” is used. Nowhere in the definition does it speak of containment of knowledge, only that anyone practicing science is looking for knowledge. Once they obtain knowledge and no longer wish to pursue, they are no longer scientists working in the field of science. This new definition is bad because it forces a new area to be made for the things that do not fall under science. Also it will be harder to distinguish bad practices of science from good ones, since anything bad isn't technically considered science.
I believe it took a year to create a definition for “science” due to the extent and range of the word. Science covers so many different ideas and topics that a definition had to be created that wouldn’t exclude anything. Also, this is one of the first “official definitions” of science according to the article so there was a lot of pressure riding on the Science Council. Also, it is popularly said that things get better with time, so a lot of time was taken on this definition to ensure that the Science Council could check and double check everything and make the definition better. This article implies that science is a way of knowing. The definition states that science is a “pursuit of knowledge” and is a method in which people can gain information. However, some of the critics of the definition state that the definition doesn’t include the use of the word science as an area of knowledge or a category in which to define existing knowledge. Language is important in science because much of science is about defining and classifying the world around us. Creating definitions and creating new concepts are important aspects of science and language is used to explain the definitions and creations. Also, a method of investigation is commonly used in science to find answers about the world around us. Language is used in the explanation of the process of investigation and it is important that the language be clear to understand how the investigation was done.
I believe it took one full year to settle a new definition for science because in addition of being a word that covers such an ample extent of ideas, the Science Council wanted to modernize a concept that was first introduced over 5 centuries ago. I also believe they wanted to broaden this concept because it is now used by many areas in humanities, for example, when denoting activities of the social world, like philosopher AC Grayling explains when congratulating the Council for doing a good job in developing the new definition. This article implies that science is a way of knowing because according to the new definition, science should not be thought of as the ultimate, absolute truth, but as the pursuit of “knowledge and understanding of the natural and social world following a systematic methodology based on evidence." Language is so important in science because the wording of its definition allows “science” to be applied to a wide range of activities, from the natural to the social world. Language, by including words such as "systematic" and "evidence”, on the other hand, specify and well defines the essence of science, allowing people to use it more appropriately and to understand it better and more deeply, which is not only the aim of the definition of science, but of all definitions in general.
1) I believe that it took a year for them to settle on this definition because they needed to take into consideration all areas in society where it was possible to have the application of science and create a concept that would englobe all the areas and ways through which science can be used and explored.
2) The article implies that science is a way of kowing because it states the necessary rules that need to be followed in order for something to be considered a scientific work. For example, something to be considered scietifically based must have passed through empirical processes that ensure that is valid information.
3) I belive language is important in science because, due to the vast number of terms that science contains, it is important to create a system of definitions and words that all societites can adopt and undertstand, thus, making scientific terms universal and capable of being used by people all over the world.
Welcome to ToK.