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• What kinds of knowledge are usually included in the category of human science? How do we decide
whether a particular area of study is a human science? What are the similarities and differences
between the subject matter and methodologies of the various human sciences?
• To what extent does the human subject matter of this area of knowledge affect a scientific approach? Is it reasonable to think that human behaviour can be studied scientifically?
• Are the human sciences, as a whole, fundamentally different from the natural sciences? Or are there sometimes surprising similarities between the two areas in, for example, the ways they use models and theories, their methods for collecting data, the nature of facts, the role of observation and experimentation, the impact of the observer on the observed phenomena, quantification, falsifiability, precise prediction, identification of constants, and the degree of complexity of the phenomena studied?
• How might the language used in polls, questionnaires and other information-gathering devices of
this sort influence the conclusions reached? If there is an influence, does it, or a similar one, occur in
natural science research? Does the extent of the influence relate to the degree of certainty attributed
to the natural sciences and the human sciences respectively, or to the social status or value associated with each?
• How does the use of numbers, statistics, graphs and other quantitative instruments affect the way
knowledge claims in the human sciences are valued?
• Is it reasonable to attempt to explain human behaviour independently of what people claim are their
intentions? Are there insights into behaviour that can only be afforded by finding these out?